Chapter 9: Conventional & Sustainable Agriculture

Women farmers planting a rice field in West Sumatra.

Learning Outcomes 

After studying this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Describe the components of soils
  • Discuss how land use affects global ecosystem conditions
  • Identify environmental effects of pesticides
  • Recognize the relationship between exposure to POPs and human health
  • Explain alternative practices in farming and soil management

Chapter Outline

  • 9.1 Soil Profiles and Processes
  • 9.2 Soil-Plant Relations
  • 9.3 Conventional Agriculture
  • 9.4 Pests and Pesticides
  • 9.5 Sustainable Agriculture
  • 9.6 Chapter Resources


Essentials of Environmental Science by Kamala Dor┼íner is licensed under CC BY 4.0. Modified from the original.


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Environmental Biology by Matthew R. Fisher and Editor is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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