11 Common Misconceptions about Autism Spectrum Disorder  

Before you explore the table below, check whether you think these statements are myths or facts:

Now, use the table to learn more!



Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an emotional problem. ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects social communication and social interaction as well as behaviors, interests, and activities.
Individuals can be affected by ASD or another disorder, but they cannot be affected by multiple disorders. It is common for ASD to co-occur with other developmental, psychiatric, neurologic, chromosomal, and/or genetic diagnoses.
ASD occurs more often in people with high incomes and higher levels of education. ASD affects individuals of all races, ethnicities, social classes, lifestyles, and educational backgrounds equally.
ASD can be cured. ASD cannot be cured; however, there are many treatment options that enable individuals with ASD to compensate for areas of challenge.
Individuals with ASD do not become attached or show affection to others. Individuals with ASD may demonstrate attachment or affectionate behaviors to parents and/or caregivers; however, such attachment or affection may be on the individual’s own terms or expressed in a manner that is different from what society would typically expect.
All individuals with ASD have savant abilities in specific areas. Individuals with ASD often have individual strengths and weaknesses across academic and functional areas; however, few individuals with ASD have savant abilities.
The occurrence of ASD is equal between boys and girls. ASD is more common in boys than girls with approximately 4 boys to every 1 girl receiving an ASD diagnosis.



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